Heavy metal is a type of rock music that appeared in the 1960s and became more popular in the 1970s thanks to bands such as Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, and Black Sabbath.
This style of rock has its roots in blues and acid rock. It stands out from other types of rock music because of massive loud overall sound, long guitar solos and various kinds of distortions.
The late 1970s were the time when bands such as Iron Maiden and Saxon brought punk rock features to heavy metal by adding speed and tempo to the songs.
Most heavy metal bands did not bring innovation to the music world simply because of their music. They have also paid a lot of attention to how they dressed and to visual art that they expressed through album covers, logos, staging during concerts and design of musical instruments.
In the 1960s and 1970s, long hair was one of the distinguishing features of heavy metal band members and their fans. Long hair came to heavy metal from the hippie movement and gave members of the metal community a way to stand out from the crowd.
A classic look of a heavy metal artist and fan includes torn or ripped jeans in a light color, black shirts, and black leather jackets. T-shirts typically have names of the bands, album art or band logos on them. Heavy metal fans have also incorporated elements such as chains, skulls, and crosses into their style and fashion.
Head banging is one of the physical gestures most commonly associated with heavy metal. Devil Horns is the hand gesture that became popular with heavy metal fans in the 1970s and 1980s. Gene Simmons of Kiss was one of the performers who started the phenomenon.
People that come to concerts of heavy metal bands do not dance in the traditional sense of this word. The primary movements are head banging and arm thrusts.